According to UNAIDS latest figures, by the end of 2007, approximately 700,000 were HIV positive. The HIV infection rate among China’s population is 0.05 per cent.
China’s HIV epidemic remains one of low prevalence overall, but with pockets of high infection among specific sub-populations and in some localities.
Estimations show that:
- An estimated 85,000 Chinese have AIDS. Of these 35,000 have been infected through commercial blood donation and transfusion.
- In 2007 there were 50,000 new infections and 20,000 deaths.
- Transmission routes of new infection in 2007 were 44.7% sex (hetero); 12.2% sex (homo); 42% Injecting Drug Use (IDU); Mother To Child Transmission (MTCT) 1%.
- Among those people living with HIV, 40.6% were infected through heterosexual transmission.
- Approximately 32,000 (over 15 years of age) are currently on ART treatment.
- The number of people who have a high risk of exposure to HIV could be 30-50 million: mainly IDUs and their sexual partners, sex workers, their clients and partners as well as men who have unprotected sex with men.
(Source: UNAIDS Key Data)